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Tuesday, 15 October 2013

Quaid-e-Azam Powerplant approved after talks with Solar Energy Companies

Quaid-e-Azam solar power plant has been approved and the installation of solar panels would start after talks with solar energy companies. Investment of more than 200 billion to be attracted.
Solar Energy Companies
In the eve of the energy crisis, Prime Minister has directed Chief Minister and the higher authorities to immediately start working on the installation of new solar energy power plant in the southern Punjab.
The Chief Minister has approved a new 100MW power plant which would produce cheap electricity for the public. Chief Minister has directed the local government secretary to file the final recommendations so that the work can start immediately on Quaid-e-Azam Solar energy park . Although some portions of the media has questioned "Why solar energy?", the move has generally been taken positively by the mass portions of the media.
As per the new energy policy that was announced in July, one of the major initiatives the PML N government has taken is to solve the energy crisis.
The major solar energy companies were consulted and the 2 projects would add to the electricity production capacity of Pakistan. The estimated completion time is 2-3 years and it would also help to reduce the electricity tariff rates which have jumped to Rs.14 per unit.
Apart from that, with the corporation of Asian Development Bank, coal based projects have also begun in Jamshoro.
All these transactions have to be carried out with the solar energy companies transparently. The sooner the solar projects are completed, the more relief the public would gain.
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Monday, 14 October 2013

The battle of Verdun Summary: World War One Historic Battles

One of the most significant battles of the World War I was the battle of Verdun. The summary of the events that kick started World War 1 is mentioned below.
Battle of Verdun Summary
Image of Verdun Battle


In December 1915, German Chief of Staff, Erich von Falkenhayn, devised a plan to win a quick victory on the Western Front. Besides launching a submarine war and cutting off all supplies approaching Britain by targeting merchant vessels, he also planned to lay siege to Verdun, France. Verdun was historically a French stronghold. With eighteen major and twelve minor forts around the city, the loss of Verdun would impact the morale of France and the country would fight tooth and nail to salvage the city, Falkenhayn argued. His intent to “bleed France white” was sanctioned by the Kaiser.
Crown Prince Wilhelm and the German Fifth Army led the attack on February 21, 1916. Verdun was bombarded for about two days before the launch of the attack. Having received prior information about the attack, French General Joseph Joffre assigned Lieutenant Colonel Emile Driant to lead the defense. Over 200,000 French soldiers guarded Verdun against a million German troops. Crown Prince Wilhelm targeted Verdun with over 1,400 guns and millions of shells. When he received information that the shelling and bombardment had not caused much damage, Wilhelm decided not to attack Verdun. He decided to continue with bombardment. Consequently, only the first line of trenches defending Verdun had been taken by the Germans. The French troops, having lost Lieutenant Colonel Driant, defended Verdun bravely. By February 24, 1916, the German troops had reached within five miles of Verdun. Douaumont, one of the important forts surrounding Verdun, was taken over by French troops. Joffre then placed Verdun under the command of General Henri-Philippe Petain who became known for his declaration, "They shall not pass!" Petain organized the defenses of Verdun efficiently while taking care to dedicate troops for the safeguard of the supply route known as the “Sacred Road.”
Starting March 6, 1916, Wilhelm launched a number of offensives at Verdun but each was successfully repelled by the French troops. France deployed most of its army to fight at Verdun. Petain’s plan to inflict heavy damages to the German army was successful, but the French lost almost as many men as their enemies. In their third attack, starting April 9, 1918, the Germans made slow progress. The forts at Homme Hill and Fort Vaux were captured. At the same time Petain was replaced by General Robert Nivelle.
By June and July of 1916, the Germans came dangerously close to capturing Verdun. They then launched a gas attack with the much-feared phosgene gas. The BEF came to the rescue of the French army by launching the Battle of the Somme on July 1, 1916, thus diverting the concentration of the German troops at Verdun. The Russian army also launched simultaneous offensives on the Eastern Front, making it necessary to move troops away from Verdun.
You may also like to read: The battle of Tanneberg: Historic World War 1 battles
Back home in Germany, Falkenhayn came under heavy criticism due to a lack of breakthrough at Verdun. Paul von Hindenburg replaced Falkenhayn as Chief of German Staff. General Charles Mangin was appointed by the French to take charge of the forts at Verdun. His able leadership enabled the French troops to recover Douaumont and Fort Vaux. With the French recovering all lost ground and capturing 11,000 German soldiers, Hindenburg called off the battle on December 18, 1916. While the Germans estimated a loss of 434,000 soldiers, the French pinned their losses at 550,000. The Battle of Verdun was the longest battle of World War I and drained both sides by causing huge losses.
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Thursday, 3 October 2013

United States - Cuba Relationship Analysis

Cuban Missile Crisis
Much like US- Vietnam Relations, Cuba’s relationship with the United States has always been a roller coaster ride. From the peak in the early 1900’s to the hostility of the 1960’s; US-Cuba relations are indeed an exceptional thing in international politics. In this thesis we are going to chronologically illuminate each of the important historical events that took place in this paradoxical relationship and dig deep into some of the more important ones such as the US support of dictators in Cuba, the successful rebellion led by Fidel Castro, the nationalization of the mainly US private enterprises in Cuba, the subsequent trade embargo and its long history, the fiasco of the Bay of Pigs, the Cuban missile crises, and the refugee crises that Cuban emigrants have created. This paper will only give out facts and verifiable information and not delve into the volumes of propaganda spread by each side, insofar only analyzing and giving statements that are neutral and accepted as correct by the international community. Any extended commentary is given only after an in-depth research of US-Cuba relations. Moreover this paper will attempt to understand why these relations have remained so, even though the United States and Cuba are practically next door neighbors with a strong history of cooperation and, especially on Cuba’s part, of dependence.
United States Cuba relations

History of U.S and Cuba Relations

In 1898 a decadent Spanish empire was faced with war against the United States on many fronts. This war began with the sinking of the American Battleship Maine in Cuba under unexplained circumstances which finally convinced or forced the American government to intervene into Cuba’s fight for independence from Spain. Cuba had been one of the last colonies of the Spanish Empire and Spain had always been reluctant to give it up even though the United States had tried to purchase the colony for costly amounts. The United States saw Cuba as one of its own states, due to geographical, economical and political reasons and felt very strongly about Spanish atrocities being carried out prior to the independence movement of Cuba. Hence with the sinking of Maine and within four months of majorly American victories in battle, Cuba was taken as a protectorate of the United States, Spain having renounced all claims to the territory in accordance to the Treaty of Paris according to Claire Suddath (2009). Till 1901 the United States had a military government in Cuba. Then in 1901 Cuba was granted freedom albeit with some restriction under the Platt Amendment which were incorporated into the Cuban Constitution. The Amendment granted the U.S. the right to intervene in Cuba's internal affairs and stated that Cuba cannot enter into treaties or financial relationships with other countries. It also contained a provision for an American naval base at Guantanamo Bay, which would later become infamous for the terrorist suspects held and tortured there. Hence Cuba became an independent country with Tomas Estrada Palma as its president but with indirect control of intervention through any means by the United States for the purpose of ‘protecting’ the Cuban people.
In the following 20 years the United States repeatedly intervened militarily in Cuban affairs. The first one was in 1906 – 1909; which took place after the collapse of President Tomas Estrada Palma's government, President Theodore Roosevelt ordered an invasion of Cuba and established an occupation that would go on for nearly four years. The objective of the operation was to thwart fighting between the Cubans, to protect U.S. economic interests, and to conduct free elections. Following the election of Jose Miguel Gomez, in November 1908, Cuba was considered to be stable enough to allow an extraction of American troops, which was completed in February 1909. Three years later in 1912 the Negro Rebellion occurred which was an armed conflict in Cuba, taking place mostly in the eastern region of the island. The conflict involved the extensive massacre of Afro-Cubans, by the Cuban Army, and an intervention by the United States military. Both the massacre and the presence of American troops quashed the violence so the strife and the occupation ended after only a few weeks. Lastly in the war of 1917 – 1922 the U.S. was again forced to intervene to put down another rebellion against the Cuban government.
By 1926 the U.S. interests in Cuba had become too intensive for the U.S. to not support the government(s) in Cuba. The U.S. was the main economic partner of Cuba as well as owning a considerable share of the Cuban economy itself; the United States owned more than 60% of the Cuban sugar industry which was the primary source of good being produced at that time. Therefore the American policy became more and more pro-government in Cuba, irrespective of how corrupt or dictatorial that government was, as long as it served American interests. This policy eventually led to Ramon Garu’s government being denied acceptance by the American government and to the rise of General Fulgencio Batista dictatorial regime which would eventually cause a revolution in Cuba. Batista ruled from 1940 to 1944 in his first tenure and was then, through a military coup orchestrated with the backing of the then American President Harry Truman. Batista was viewed as a very pro-American leader and especially in his second tenure strived for a great amount of cooperation with the United States. This ended up with the total domination of the Cuban economy by U.S. corporation as well as increased U.S. intervention in Cuban politics. Batista was accused of being highly corrupt and belligerent by the Cuban people but the U.S. was determined to keep his regime in power. Rebellions constantly took place in the 1950’s, and when finally in 1958 the U.S. government stopped the trade of arms to the Batista government, the rebels under Fidel Castro gained an insurmountable advantage over the government troops and soon overran the forces of the Cuban government. This would mark a new chapter in the history of U.S.-Cuban relations. Claire Suddath (2009)

Ending of diplomatic relations 

Fidel Castro was not the type of leader that Cuba had had before, he was a dedicated socialist who believed in Cuba’s national identity and was ready to take action against all those forces that would stop him from achieving his aims. One of the first things he did when he came into power was to start the nationalization of the Cuban economy, which essentially meant that he confiscated all privately held enterprises (almost all of them belonging to the U.S.) and do so without giving any sort of compensation to their original owners. Secondly Castro introduced agrarian reforms, effectively ending U.S. control of cheap labor working on U.S. held farms in Cuba as per Lana Wylie (2011). This caused uproar in the U.S. which stood against nationalization on not only an ideological point of view, but also on the basis that this alone caused billions of dollars of investments to be lost. The U.S. government reacted harshly to this, putting various trade and economic embargoes on Cuba eventually leading to a curtailment of the import of Cuban sugar and export of oil to Cuba, devastating Cuban economy and further worsening relations between the two countries according to Rens Lee (2008). In 1960 President Eisenhower of the United States authorized covert action by the CIA to facilitate the removal of Fidel Castro and his communist government through any means; which eventually amounted to assassination, support of anti-government forces and finally an invasion. Castro decided to align Cuba with the Soviet Union which finally led to all diplomatic ties between the U.S. and Cuba being broken off. The embassies of both nations were closed off in each other’s capitals and ambassadors were recalled.

Bay of Pigs Invasion 

The hostility came to a head with the invasion of Cuba planned by the U.S. later named the Bay of Pigs invasion. The Bay of Pigs was not originally President John Kennedy's idea. As the communist nature of Fidel Castro's regime became apparent, the urge to bring down his government grew. President Eisenhower's administration had already designed the invasion, which would be handled by the CIA. By the time of Kennedy's inauguration, the order to invade was the only remaining piece of the plan to put into place. Planning for the invasion began in 1960, before diplomatic ties with Cuba had been broken. The state of affairs was delicate, since the plan was to overthrow a government with which the United States was not at war. Various aspects, including propaganda and military strategies, were included in the plan, along with the directive that the U.S. should not appear to be involved. Cuban and hired Americans were to be used in the invasion with equipment being provided by the CIA.
On April 12, 1961, Kennedy told a press conference that the United States clearly had no intention of intervening in Cuban affairs. Five days later, the invasion took place. This only showed the Cuban populace and government that U.S. could no longer be trusted with anything it stated. Adlai Stevenson, the American ambassador to the U.N., emphatically denied the Cuban ambassador's charges about the attack. Unfortunately, the truth came out within a few hours and Stevenson along with the U.S. government was greatly embarrassed.
The invaders surrendered on the afternoon of April 19. More than 200 people been killed; another 1,197 were taken captive. The failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion set the stage for further hostility against Castro from the United States. President Kennedy made little attempt to hide his persistent aspiration to see Castro deposed. Castro’s insecurity about the prospect of his rule over Cuba led to the installation of Soviet nuclear missiles there, leading to the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Another operation code named Mongoose was also carried out by the CIA and was also a failure and was made public.

Cuban Missile crises 

In August 1962, after some failed operations by the US to bring down the Cuban government of Fidel Castro, the Cuban and Soviet governments clandestinely began to construct bases in Cuba for a number of nuclear missiles with the capability to target most of the United States; thereby changing the balance of power in the cold war since the USSR did not have this ability of directly threatening the U.S. The thirteen days referred to as the Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side and the United States on the other in October 1962. This action was also due to the deployment of nuclear missiles in the UK, Italy and Turkey in 1961; which meant that the United States had the capability to strike Moscow with nuclear warheads. On October 14, 1962, a U.S. aircraft on a photoreconnaissance mission captured photographic evidence of Soviet missile bases under assembly in Cuba. Mark L. Haas (2001)
The United States considered attacking Cuba through the air and sea, but decided on a military blockade instead, calling it a”quarantine" for legal and other reasons. The U.S. announced that it would not allow offensive weapons to be transported to Cuba and demanded that the Soviets dismantle the missile bases already under assembly or completed in Cuba and remove all offensive weapons.
Both the Soviet and American forces prepared for war as it seemed that neither side was willing to back down from its position; both fearing humiliation and a weakening of their power on the international arena. The USSR was determined to protect Cuba from what was an imminent invasion by the U.S., whereas the U.S. was not willing to be threatened by nuclear weapons so close to its mainland and Soviet armed presence in what it considered its own backyard.
Eventually an agreement was reached whereby the U.S. promised to not invade Cuba and remove its nuclear warheads from Turkey and Italy in return for USSR pulling back. This allowed Cuba to be safe from anymore blatant aggression from the U.S. and further strengthened the anti-American view of the Cuban population and government. Till the 1980’s the relationship of the two countries would generally remain strained although some improvements were made.


Migration from Cuba to the United States started since Castro took control, and the categorization of those leaving as refugees, has been heavily affected by U.S. foreign policy. During the 1959-62 migration wave, particularly preceding the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion, Cubans were welcomed as short-term exiles, liable to bring down Castro and return home. The second key migration wave began in 1965, in the middle of a U.S. campaign for methodically isolating and economically depriving Cuba and its populace. When thousands of that populace left Cuba, mainly to improve their economic conditions and reunite with family members, they were welcomed as refugees because of the iconic value of their denunciation of Latin America's sole communist state; Cuba. The third migration wave occurred in 1980, after a decade of peace and steadily improving U.S.-Cuban relations. Since it did not serve any U.S. foreign policy plan and was alleged to as helping Cuba rid itself of criminals and unwanted people. Therefore those arriving received little public support. David W. Haines & Karen E. Rosenblum(2009).

1980’s onwards 

With the diminishing of the cold war, Cuba lost its perch as an important outpost of communist operations and the United States relegated its importance as related in Jorge I. Dominguez (1985). In 1990’s the U.S., in supporting democracy in Cuba hiked up sanctions and embargoes against Cuba leading up to the Helms-Burton Act which made the sanctions law in 1996. However by 2010 the U.S.-Cuba relations had thawed considerably enough to allow U.S. corporations to export goods to Cuba. The illness and resignation of Fidel Castro also paved way for speculations that Cuba would now move closer to aligning itself with the U.S. but that has not happened under Raul Castro’s new government. The U.S. is adamant that Cuba cannot be considered a good nation in the international community until it holds democratic election and stops its human rights abuses. Cuba on its behalf has stated that impositions and coercion will not ferment any change. Cuba has also demanded that the U.S. also withdraw from Guantanamo Bay since that infringes on Cuba’s territorial integrity. 
You may also like to read: 
2. Detente Policy during Cold War
i. Claire Suddath (2009). U.S.-Cuba Relations. Time magazine.
ii. Lana Wylie (2011). Perceptions and foreign policy: A comparative study of Canadian and American policy toward Cuba. Canadian Foreign Policy Journal.
iii. Rens Lee (2008). RETHINKING THE EMBARGO. Foreign Affairs, Vol. 87, No. 6 (November/December 2008), pp. 180-182Published.
iv. Mark L. Haas (2001). Prospect Theory and the Cuban Missile Crisis. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 45, No. 2 (Jun., 2001), pp. 241-270
v. David W. Haines & Karen E. Rosenblum (2009). Perfectly American: Constructing the Refugee Experience. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
vi. Jorge I. Dominguez (1985). US-Cuban Relations in the 1980s: Issues and Policies. Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Feb., 1985), pp.17-34
vii. Timeline: US-Cuba relations. BBC News. U.S. State Department.

After reading United States - Cuba Relationship Analysis, you may also like to read: 
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Sunday, 29 September 2013

Vietnam War Highlights: A look back at history of U.S foreign relationships

Vietnam War


Vietnam war was the longest and most unpopular war in the American history. The war stretched over 19 years from 1954 to 1973. The primary American motive was to stop spread of communism in the world. 58000 Americans lost lives, 304k wounded and 75k were severely disabled. The total cost of Vietnam War that United States suffered in monetary terms was 200 billion dollars.

Causes of Vietnam War

1. Communism in North supported by USSR and China
2. French defeat in 1954 and Geneva Peace Accords. According to the agreement the country was divided into 2 halves at 17th parallel and an announcement of elections to be held 2 years later in 1956. US opposition of elections after it emerged that the communists would win the elections.
3. Southeast Asian Treaty Organization was set up with the help of U.S. Military  political and economic aid was provided by the U.S to South Vietnam and Republic of Vietnam was born on 1955. Ngo Dinh Diem became the 1st president.
4. Justification for U.S involvement was Domino Theory which stated, “IF South Vietnam falls to Communists, then Laos, Cambodia  Thailand, Burma, India would also fall like Dominos. The Pacific Island and even Australia could be at a risk.

Events in Vietnam-U.S War: 

Diem declared, S.V was under threat from communists residing in North. 1957: Diem counterattacks with US military help. Passed series of acts known as 10/59 which made it legal for holding communists behind bars without bringing formal charges. It was met with hostility in the native land as Monks, students and intellectuals protested unfair laws and oppression
National Liberated Front was created in 1960 in opposition of government. Anyone could join as long as they wanted a United Vietnam and were against Diem’s rule. Americans labeled the movement “Viet Cong” which meant Vietnamese Communists.
December 1961: Kennedy sends team to Vietnam to asses further American aid requirements.
Strategic Helmet Program (US and South Vietnam joint operation): Placed the villagers in safe helmets (places) isolating the communists from the villagers. It proved counter effective and further consolidated NLF as more people joined the movement.
Summer 1963: Evident that the South Vietnam government would fall. Diem’s brother raided Buddhists Pagodas (place where they lived) and accused them of harboring communists and creating instability. Monks protested by self immolation (setting themselves on fire). IT made world headlines. Coup in South Vietnam with US military help; Diem and his brother was arrested and later killed. Kennedy was also assassinated after 3 weeks of Diem’s killing.

Johnson becomes U.S president. 1964: 2 US ships shot down in Gulf of Tokin on 2nd and 4th August. Gulf of Tokin resolution was signed in US which gave president broad war powers. AIR ATTACKS on North Vietnam.
1965: 2 US installations destroyed in North Vietnam. Operation ROLLING THUNDER begins, Phosphorus and Napalm bombings results in thousand of civilians getting severe burns.
Operation RANCH HAND: Chemical bombings containing Dioxin destroyed millions of acres of jungles but also contaminated the crop which caused chromosome damage to humans. Children were born with deformities.

North Vietnamese Tactics to fight back:

1. Maoist Guerrilla tactics which meant the NFL people would be hard to distinguish from the villagers.Lands were distributed to the peasants. By 1973, NFL had control over half of South Vietnam.
2. Use of AK47 outperformed American M16 guns. Rocket launchers destroyed vehicles. Recycled US bombs and used them against them.
3. Built large tunnel complexes to remain safe from bombings. US countered with Search and Destroy tactics. Burnt down villages.
4. War Strategy was to entangle US in a war they could not win militarily.

What was happening around in America:

Vietnam War end
Protests against Vietnam War
Johnson lost support. Antiwar protests and sentiments. Protest by Democratic party’s leader in 1968. Hundreds of thousands of people joined in.
Tet Offensive attacks on southern cities by NFL to bring Americans to the bargaining table. MY Lai Massacre in 1968. Photos caused huge uproar in the world.
Nixon wins elections in 68 “Secret plan to end war”. The secret plan was “Vietnamization”. Increase in air war over NV and use of SV soldiers for ground attacks.
Protests increased. Kent shootings and Jackson state shootings result in death of students

End of War 

1972: Christmias bombings. Seiries of deadly bombings. International community condemns.
1973: Paris Peace agreement is signed. US convinced South Vietnam, they would not leave their support if they signed it. January 23: war ends between US and North Vietnam but not between NV and SV.
April 30, 1975: Communists take over South Vietnam.

Why US lost Vietnam War? 

The main reason for US loss in Vietnam War are as followed:
1. Underestimated NV and NLF.
2. 2. Could not stop the movement of the troops despite heavy bombings.
3. NV fought people’s war
4. American public did not support the war.
5. Deep questions about US troops’ efficiency
6. Never understood Vietnamese culture.
7. Could not lose any more soldiers in a jungle war they were never prepared for..
8. Strengths and resourcefulness of NLF. Tunnels etc
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Thursday, 26 September 2013

Brief overview of Detente Policy during Cold War Era

Detente Policy Brief Overview
After the world war II, the tensions between the communist world and the capitalist world exacerbated. U.S and Soviet Union emerged as the super powers in the world and the cold war at many intervals ws close to turning into a nuclear war, specially in 1962 during the Cuban missile crisis. There was a need to for healthy relationships among the communists countries and capitalist countries (most importantly US and USSR) to promote peace and safety, so that a third world war was prevented. Wars cause mass destruction, cost a fortune, and millions of people brutally lose their lives. It’s worthwhile to notice that disputes should be resolved through dialogue rather than military actions.
Detente is the policy that aimed at reducing the cold war tensions in the world. It is defined as the dealing with other nations in a practical and realistic manner. It was carried out between 1969-80. The policy required showing of flexibility at both ends so that it could be effectively implemented.
Richard Nixon realized the importance of reduced tensions, and he was instrumental in initiating the policy. He was the first president to visit China after World war II. He also visited Soviet Union in 1972. His visit to the Soviet Union was of paramount importance due to the fact, he was there to sign a treaty that would limit the number of ballistic missiles each country could hold. The treaty was called Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty or SALT I. He, and his Russian counterpart Brezhnev signed the treaty that was a historical achievement.
In the Western world, Willy Brandt (Chancellor of West Germany) quickly realized that healthy relationships would be beneficial for West Germany and his policy showed great flexibility and commitment to reducing the Cold War tensions. He showed desire to improve the relationships with Soviet Union for the promotion of peace. He was also willing to recognize East Germany and Poland’s West border. Having profitable and good relationships with the neighbours is the key to the economic and socio-political growth of a country.
After Nixon’s tenure ended, Jimmy Carter assumed the duties of presidency in the United States and he continued with the policy of Detente as a part of his foreign policy. His attempts were directed to negotiate further reduction in nuclear missiles. Although Carter’s efforts were honest, his attempts to put further limits on nuclear ammunition by signing SALT II in 1979 were hampered because the Congress refused to pass the SALT-II treaty.

End of Detente Policy:

The basic reason cited for the rejection of SALT II by the Congress is the invasion of Afghanistan by Soviet Union in 1979. The Communist government of Afghanistan was falling on its feet and Soviet intervened to prevent its downfall.However, the efforts ended in failure and Soviets had to retreat in 1988. It was also seen as the 1st sign of Soviet weekness and kick started the downfall of the Soviet empire. After the Invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, U.S boycotted the 1980 Olympic games which were to be held in Moscow to register their protest. The invasion effectively ended the Detnte policy there and then in 1980.

The Iranian Revolution:

In addition to that, the regime of U.S supported Shah of Iran was overthown in 1979. Iranian Revolution lead by Ayat Ullah Khomeni swept accross and Religious dictatorship came into power. 60 American hostages were held for 444 days and as a consequence of that, President Carter lost popularity in United States. Iran became a strict Islam law state there and then. That was a brief overview of the Detente Policy. Leave your feedback. :)
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Thursday, 1 August 2013

Political Situation of Pakistan

Current Political Situation of Pakistan: Overview

The article initially provides a brief overview about current political situation of Pakistan. Pakistan is a developing country and it is politically unstable but we live in the world where everything is possible. Democratic governments have always failed to complete their tenure which eventually results in a long lasting dictatorship reign. In Pakistani politics, there is a clear domination by few families only and these families have never produced long lasting fruitful results. The political system has been stagnant since 70′s and no drastic change has taken place. The chair of head of state has been a war between the head of the army staff and a few noticeable political leaders. Who has suffered? Well, you guessed it right, the nation!
Pakistani Politics Current Situation

If we observe the political situation of Pakistan, much of the politics is based on different ethnic groups. It’s fair to say that the current political situation of Pakistan is in dire need of substantial changes if we compare it to the political systems of leading nations in the world.

Role of Political Parties in Pakistan

Pakistani PoliticsAlmost every party represents a particular ethnic group, therefore no party has got the support in every region because the role of political parties in Pakistan is very much based upon different ethnic groups they represent. This is one of the major reasons of slow development in some specific areas as compared to others. There are a number key problems in political system of Pakistan, & the list grows on and on with every passing minute. 

Pakistani Politics

Pakistani politics has started to take an adverse route as the layman pursues to struggle in the rut. The current situation in Karachi and Baluchistan is worse than ever. The blame of these riots clearly is on politicians who are just manipulating different groups to get benefits for themselves. If the current political situation in Pakistan does not change, the country would keep on suffering at the hands of monarchs and waderas! The role of youth in politics seems to be missing in this scenario and needs to be looked upon if the country is to strive for betterment. One possible solution for the underlying problem is to improve the problems of education system that erodes as every day falls behind.
“Words, without power, is mere philosophy
Let’s join hands, let’s walk together, let’s make Pakistan a better nation!

 Read more on Pakistani Politics

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Monday, 8 July 2013

Altaf Hussain London Case: MQM Secretariat closed down

Altaf Hussain London Case

According to the latest news from London, very interesting developments have taken place regarding murder case of Doctor Imran Farooq. More than 30 million pounds worth of real state has been bought in Altaf Hussain and his brother's name.  In addition to that 700,000 pounds in cash have also been confiscated from Altaf Hussain's residence. It should be kept in mind that some days ago, one of Altaf's closest allies, his cousin Iftikhar Hussain was also arrested from the Heathrow Air Port and
1 million pounds, diamonds and jewelry were confiscated from Altaf Hussain by the Police

Money Laundering Accusations:

Moreover, the London Metro Police and the Scotland Yard have found through investigation that a very prominent government Pakistani transfers the amount into MQM chief's account. The London Metro Police is collecting evidence of money laundering against him. Days ago, Scotland Yard and London Metropolitan police raided Altaf Hussain's personal residence and evidence were collected there and then. It happened when  the British Prime Minister made his visit to Pakistan in which he declared that the enemies of Pakistan were the enemies of United Kingdom. The reports say that the Police authorities have now prepared quite a strong case of money laundering against him in London.

MQM Secretariat Shut Down:

The MQM Secretariat in London has been closed down in London. Interestingly, No one is there to even attend the calls. Even the mobile phones of the MQM leaderships are off, and there is no contact with them. It would be interesting to see what is made of Altaf Hussain London case.

Altaf Hussain London Cae
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Money Laundering Case in London against Altaf Hussain

Related News1 million pounds, diamonds and jewelry confiscated from Altaf Hussain by Police - Latest London News

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Tuesday, 2 July 2013

1 million pounds, diamonds and jewelry confiscated from Altaf Hussain by Police - Latest London News

Latest news from London - Law in Action

Latest news from London suggest that Altaf Hussain is in deep trouble. Critical evidence against MQM leader Altaf Hussain has been collected by London Metropolitan police. The Police has now have hold over important documents, 1 million pounds in cash, millions of dollars worth of jewelry and diamonds.
Days earlier, Scotland Yard and London Metropolitan police raided Altaf Hussain's personal residence and evidence were collected there and then. Now, the reports suggest that the Police is in the position to take serious action against the Mutahidda Qaumi Movement Quaid. One of Altaf's closest allies, his cousin Iftikhar Hussain was also arrested from the Heathrow Air Port

Further reports suggest that two former leaders of MQM have been aiding the Scotland Yard and the London Police in the investigations. Police are now investigating where the one million pounds, diamonds and jewelry come from? Another important thing to notice is that the MQM chief heavily criticised the British government when the British Prime Minister made his visit to Pakistan in which he declared the enemies of Pakistan were the enemies of United Kingdom.
Altaf Hussain in trouble
Altaf Hussain in trouble
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Sunday, 30 June 2013

British Prime Minister supports Pakistan on Drone Issue

British Prime Minister visits Pakistan

British Prime Minister David Cameron said that the British government supports Pakistan's stance on drone attacks and democratic talks between Pakistan and United States of America should take place on the drone issue. He also said that the British government was ready to facilitate talks between America and Pakistan on the issue. 
One important thing to notice is that Altaf Hussain resigned from the party leadership on the occasion when the British Prime Minister was in Pakistan and later took his resignation back. Altaf Hussain's cousin has been detained by the Scotland Yard in London and the British police made several raids on Altaf Hussain's residency.

No More Drone Attacks

Moreover, the British Prime Minister took the opportunity to congratulate Nawaz Sharif on sumptuous victory in the General Elections, 2013. He announced that the enemies of Pakistan are the enemies of Britain, and believes that America and Pakistan should hold talks on drone strikes. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and the PML-N government has already said that they are against Drone attacks and would succeed in stopping them.

The British Prime Minister visited Pakistan Monument and met youngsters from FATA. He said that associating terrorism with Muslims is wrong, and Muslims around the world are in fact the most affected ones from terrorism.

David Cameron has also assured Pakistan of helping the country beat the energy and economic crisis. Nawaz Sharif approved the new energy policy according to which the power generation capacity would be increased to 26,800 Mega Watts.

It is about time that the American government understands that the drone attacks violate Pakistan's sovereignty and every Pakistani is against them. 
Drone Attacks
Drone Attacks

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Saturday, 29 June 2013

Prime Minister approves New Energy policy. Load shedding to be reduced to 8 hours

New Energy Policy: Reduction in Load Shedding

The Prime Minister of Pakistan Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has approved the new energy policy for Pakistan, according to which the load shedding would be reduced to 8 hours a day in the coming week. After paying off 326 billion rupees of circular debt, the government and analysts believe that 1700 Mega Watts of electricity would be immediately added to the current production capacity.
The Prime Minister has also approved the reduction in the price of electricity which would be brought down to Rs. 10 by the end of 3 years. Proposals to completely eradicate the load shedding in the upcoming 3 years have been made a part of the new energy policy. The government would also try to get control over the line losses which currently stand at 26%. The aim is to reduce the line losses to 16% in the initial phase.

The government aims to make the energy mix of the country more hydro powered centered and Nawaz Sharif has already inaugurated 2 hydro power plants. The government would also focus on alternative energy generation sources such as wind and solar energy. The new energy policy is a sign of eradication of energy crisis from Pakistan.
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Friday, 28 June 2013

Advisers and secretaries bag lucrative deals and allowances

Lucrative deals and Allowances

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Tuesday, 25 June 2013

New energy policy: Production to be increased to 26,800 mega watts in 3 years

New Energy Policy

Amid the energy crisis in Pakistan, the new government has prepared the new energy policy. According to the sources, the energy policy would be announced on 27th June by the Prime Minister Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif.

Production to be increased 26,800 MW

According to the sources, the energy production would be increased to 26,800 mega watts in 3 years. The current production in the country is 12,200 mega watts. The government would also try to decrease the tariff rates by 30% and bring down the per unit cost of electricity to 10 rupees. At the moment, the current rate is 14 rupees 67 paisas.
Another main point of the energy policy would be stopping electricity theft. In other news, Scotland Yard arrests Altaf Hussain's cousin in Dr. Imran Farooq Murder case, and IG Gilgit Baltistan has been suspended by Interior Minister after Nanga Parbat incident.
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Scotland Yard arrests Altaf Hussain's cousin Iftakhar Hussain in London

Scotland Yard in Action

The London Police authority has increased the speed of their investigation regarding the murder of the Mutahidda Qaumi Movement leader Dr. Imran Farooq in 2010. During the past few days, the Scotland Yard and the local authorities have been ransacking various places in search of evidence, and reports have suggested that Altaf Hussain's residency was also searched up. 

Altaf Hussain's cousin Iftakhar Hussain Arrestred in London

Imran Farooq murder case
Imran Farooq murder case
On Monday, Scotland Yard announced that a 52 year old man was arrested from Heathrow Airport. Now it has been identified that the man arrested is no one other than Altaf Hussain's cousin Iftikhar Hussain. 5 other people have also been placed on Exit Control list and can not leave Britain until the investigation and trial is not over.
Surveillance for suspects have been increased which includes MQM chief Altaf Hussain. The Scotland Yard is regarded as one of the best investigation agencies in the world, and as part of the investigation more than 3000 people have been interviewed by the agency during the past 2 years as part of the investigation.
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Monday, 24 June 2013

High treason case against Musharraf to be initiated by Government of Pakistan

High Treason Case against Musharraf

The newly formed PML N government had decided they would initiate the case if high treason against former Army Chief and President of Pakistan General Pervez Musharraf.
The Attorney General of Pakistan submitted the stance of the government in front of the Supreme Court at today's proceedings.
Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif announced in the lower house on Monday morning that the government is initiating the high treason case against Musharraf and that General Pervez Musharraf would be tried under article 6 of the Constitution of Pakistan. He further said that they were pressurized to declare act of 3rd November as lawful, but we refused.
"We were pressurized to declare act of 3rd November as lawful, but we refused", Nawaz Sharif
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Pakistan Muslim League N's government is being supported by PTI and PPP on this move as all the political parties join hands for strengthening of democracy. Shah Mehmood Qureshi said that Prime Minister's decision to take the parliament into confidence was the correct one. Khurshid Shah Kasuri asked for the removal of all the pictures of dictators from the house.
Musharraf - Traitor of Pakistan
Musharraf - Traitor of Pakistan

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Sunday, 23 June 2013

IG Gilgit Baltistan and Chief Secretary suspended

10 Foreigners killed at Nanga Parbat Base Camp

A very sad event took place at Nanga Parbat base camp where 10 foreigners lost their lives. The government officials and the opposition have condemned the attacks in hard words and have shown unity towards eradication of terrorism from Pakistan.

IG Gilgit Baltistan and Chief Secretary suspended by Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan.

Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan told the press today that in the heart of the events, the IG Gilgit Baltistan and Chief Secretary have been suspended. He further told the press that everyone would have have to perform and whoever fails to perform his duty, or deliver results would be immediately suspended and would have to pay the consequences of actions undertaken.
For latest news, click HERE!
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Saturday, 22 June 2013

PTI's KPK assembly member, "Just a bomb blast, not doomsday!"

 PTI's KPK assembly member, "Just a bomb blast, not doomsday!"

The KPK assembly almost became a battle field when PTI's Yousaf Achakzai said that it was just a bomb blast not doomsday. The statement was aggressively criticized by the opposition and Yousafzai had to take back his comments.

PTI KPK Assembly outbirst
PTI KPK Assembly outbirst
For latest news click HERE!
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Friday, 21 June 2013

No more American drone attacks

American drone attacks would stop

Sartaj Aziz, a confidante of Pakistan's Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has said that they would succeed in stopping the American drone attacks. According to the experienced economic and foreign affairs expert, Pakistan has informed America about Pakistan's stance on drones. Moreover, the issue would be raised at United Nation's summit and Pakistan along with it's friends would convey their stance that the Drone attacks are a violation of International laws, a threat on Pakistan's sovereignty, and against human rights.

Human rights violation

The world is looking more seriously into the matter and there is an uproar against the American drone strikes in Syria and Pakistan. Pakistan is confident that they would be able to convince America to stop the drone strikes.
Related Article: Javed Chaudhry reveals The secret trick to make Railways No.1 in the world

No more American drone attacks
No more American drone attacks

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Thursday, 20 June 2013

Realities of Education Budget in KPK

Education Budget in KPK is below expectations

Education budget in KPK has been lauded as revolutionary by PTI leadership and the media. Their claim of increasing the education budget from 6 billion rupees to 66 billion rupees is nonfactual and wrong. The realities of the education budget in KPK are different.
education budget in kpk
education budget in kpk
After analyzing the KPK budget document, it's evident that the 66 billion includes salary expenses of the teachers and all the concerned people. The salary expenses mount to 60 billion and only 6 billion rupees have been allocated for development. The previous ANP government had allocated 60 billion rupees to education if we include salary expenses, out of which 56 billion were reserved for paying the salaries.
The allocation of finances for development of education is 13 billion rupees under the Annual Development Program. The previous government had allocated Rs. 12 billion for education development in that respect. An increment of 1 billion does not by any means justify the education emergency claim.

Realities of Education budget in KPK

Moreover, no new maga project has been initiated under the new KPK government and only previous projects have been continued. Rs. 2 billion rupees have been allocated for the improvement of existing education infra-structure. However, this is not a new a step as previous governments have also focused on improvement of existing infra-structure.

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Wednesday, 19 June 2013

KPK Budget: Taxes uplifted from NATO supplies

Taxes uplifted from NATO supplies by KPK government

The taxes on the NATO supplies have been uplifted in KPK. According to the KPK budget, stopping NATO supplies is a federal matter rather than provincial matter. The provincial government believes that NATO supplies are illegal so they would not impose taxes upon something they consider to be illegal.
It was further said that they can not stop NATO supplies as it was a federal issue rather than provincial. Siraj Ud-din, the provincial finance minister stated in his budget speech that they can not stop the movement of NATO vehicles at it was not in their domain to do so.

NATO supplies Tax free

Is making NATO supplies Tax free the right step to take? Let us know.

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